Gagarinsky lesson "Space is us" takes place in 97 countries of the world. Cosmonauts of Roscosmos Oleg Kononenko and Alexey Ovchinin, who are now working on board the International Space Station, gave him a start. Addressing schoolchildren, students and everyone who is not indifferent to space, Oleg Kononenko said: “Learn, conquer new heights, be the first in everything!
A planetarium and the second cosmonautics school in Russia will be opened in Vladikavkaz. The leading specialist of the Lavochkin Scientific-Production Association Ruslan Komaev, who in the past served as the first deputy general director of the research and production association and led the launches of 205 spacecraft, told the RG correspondent about this. Now Ruslan Komaev oversees the construction of the planetarium and the school of cosmonautics in the capital of North Ossetia.
Both objects are planned to be commissioned by September 1. Now the buildings are undergoing interior finishing works and equipment is being mounted. For example, a model of a solar system with a diameter of 12 meters with all nine planets will be created on the roof of the cosmonautics school, as well as telescopes with a magnification of a thousandfold will be installed to allow studying the starry sky and the nearest planets. The planetarium and cosmonautics school will also house full-size models of the spacecraft cabin, a modern spacecraft console. Institutions are designed primarily for visiting schoolchildren and students.
“The planetarium itself is located in the building of a Shiite mosque built in 1873,” says Ruslan Komaev. – In Soviet times, the mosque was rebuilt into a planetarium, which closed in 1992. For more than 20 years, the monument of culture and architecture was in a dilapidated state. A lot of work has been done to restore the building to its original identical form.
Interestingly, all work on the creation of a planetarium and a cosmonautics school in Vladikavkaz is carried out at the expense of sponsors, without any funding from the federal or republican budget.
By the way
Readers of "RG" can test themselves by trying to guess a place in Russia from a picture from space in our festive test.
Born in Syzran, pilot-cosmonaut and Hero of Russia Mikhail Kornienko on the eve of Cosmonautics Day took part in the program "Evening Urgant". In the air, he talked about what kind of music he orders before the start, and about his fear of heights, which he could not overcome in more than 20 years in the profession.
The presenter Ivan Urgant, of course, could not help asking Mikhail Kornienko what kind of cherished words he sent into space. Everyone has such a word, the Hero of Russia believes, but personally he is silent. And before the start, the astronauts have the opportunity to order your favorite musical compositions. Before both flights, Kornienko requested the famous "Two Stars" by Alla Pugacheva.
The astronaut also said that the flight to Orbit takes 526 seconds or nine minutes. And Kornienko, in total, he worked in such conditions for about 12 hours, compared it with a bungee jump. With the only difference that on the bungee height is 70 meters, and in space – 400 kilometers to the Earth. He did not hide that he was terribly afraid of heights, but the fear of not doing work turns out to be stronger than the instinct of self-preservation. Therefore, the astronaut everything turns out.
“But every time I jumped from a parachute, only last Sunday I jumped the last time, I'm afraid. How many jumped, so much and I'm afraid, – admitted the man.
And the brightened grandson became the most vivid impression after an almost annual flight in 2015-2016 for an astronaut, he simply did not recognize him.
The most important qualities for future astronauts Mikhail Kornienko called dedication, great desire and ability to wait. The astronaut from Syzran waited its first flight for 13 years.
Source: AP 2019
“At this stage, we are going through an architectural competition for the selection of a new airport terminal complex at Belbek. What I saw is wonderful. It will be a good construction. The civilian terminal will focus on its goal: we predict that Belbek will be more attractive in the direction of the development of business aviation and related businesses, ”E. Plaksin said.
According to him, the general plan for the development of the complex was approved and signed by all parties.
“Now design and exploratory work has begun on the design of plane structures. The project is ready, the technical task is ready, ”added the general director of the Simferopol airport.
“We have reached complete mutual understanding with the government of Sevastopol in this area (development of“ Belbek ”- IF), we are actively cooperating with the Ministry of Defense to resolve all the fundamental issues that hindered active development,” E. Plaksin noted.
The Belbek Airport was built in 1941 as a military airfield; in the 1980s, it was used to receive government aircraft. After the Crimea was annexed to Russia, the authorities of Sevastopol signed an agreement with the Russian Ministry of Defense on the joint use of the airport. According to the order of the Government of the Russian Federation, in 2018, Belbek became a branch of Simferopol International Airport JSC.
The Defense Ministry in November 2018 announced the completion of the reconstruction of the 3.45 km long runway at Belbek. WFP has become a dual-use lane – for military and civil aircraft, it can take all types of aircraft, including heavy transport aircraft.
In December 2018, the Department of Property and Land Relations of the Government of Sevastopol contributed RUB 775.47 million to the authorized capital of Simferopol International Airport JSC. The funds will be directed to the reconstruction and development of the civil sector of the Belbek airport.
Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Sergey Nazarov in March 2019 said that construction of the civilian sector of the Sevastopol airport is scheduled to begin this year, the completion of work is scheduled for the end of 2020 – the beginning of 2021.
The operator of the civil part of "Belbek" will be the airport "Simferopol".
Source: Photo Archive of the Kommersant Publishing House
Aeroflot, the launch operator of the promising Russian medium-haul MS-21 aircraft, will increase the order for cars from 50 to 85 units, said Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov, who oversees the aviation industry. Now Russian leasing companies have already ordered 175 cars, after signing a contract with Aeroflot their number will reach 210 boards. At the same time, Irkut should produce about 70 MS-21 airplanes per year. UAC previously stated that the catalog price of the aircraft will be $ 96.1 million. Aeroflot could not promptly comment on the information on the negotiations.
The government offered "Victory" instead of 30 Boeing Max to buy Russian MS-21
Aeroflot Airlines will purchase from Irkut Corporation PJSC (part of the United Aircraft Building Corporation, UAC) an additional 35 MS-21 airplanes, bringing their number in its fleet to 85 cars. This was stated by Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, who oversees the aviation industry, at the board of the Ministry of Industry and Trade in the White House. According to him, the contracting of an additional 35 aircraft is now “under preparation.”
At the moment, the MS-21 aircraft has not yet been launched into the series, Irkut is testing experimental aircraft. The end of certification tests and the first deliveries, according to Mr. Borisov, are scheduled for the beginning of 2021, the manufacturer had previously planned to launch a promising aircraft in the series in early 2020, but the dates have shifted.
As Kommersant told, last fall, American and Japanese suppliers refused to supply the aircraft with composite materials used in the creation of an innovative “black wing”, which improves the flight characteristics of the aircraft and increases the width of its cabin compared to competing Boeing and Airbus machines. Russia today does not produce materials that could replace the composites supplied for MS-21 on the fly.
According to the Kommersant interlocutors, the stocks in the manufacturer’s warehouse will allow to create about six more aircraft, the rest will have to wait for the development, implementation and certification of Russian materials.
At the same time, it is impossible to predict the duration of the R & D and the introduction of new materials today – according to Kommersant sources in the industry, they can last until 2025.
The third aircraft MS-21−300 first flew
In "Aeroflot" did not provide operational commentary on the negotiations on a new series of MS-21. The airline entered into a contract to receive the first batch of 50 aircraft leased in February 2018. The lessor will be Aviakapital-Service, a subsidiary of Rostec. The contract is for 12 years with the possibility of renewal.
The amount of leasing payments and reserves for the maintenance of the largest air carrier in Russia will be $ 5.2 billion. Thus, one plane will cost Aeroflot $ 104 million.
In August 2018, UAC President Yury Slusar said that the MS-21 catalog price would be $ 96.1 million, which is 15–20% lower than that of classmates from Boeing and Airbus.
Even without taking into account an additional series of 35 cars upon completion of deliveries, Aeroflot will become the largest operator of the new Russian medium-haul aircraft. According to Yuri Borisov, 175 aircraft of this type have been contracted today, and all of them have been advanced by customers. "Aeroflot" is also the largest operator of the short-haul Superjet 100 aircraft, in the carrier's fleet today, according to the official website, 50 ships.
In September 2018, at the Eastern Economic Forum, the operator signed an agreement to supply another 100 Superjet aircraft in 2019-2026. The contract will be the largest in the history of the Russian aviation industry.
A video appeared on the Web in which Samarans congratulate astronauts on their professional holiday.
"We are used to receive congratulations from our cosmonauts on the ISS on Cosmonautics Day! Today everything will be also … and vice versa! On this important day for our country, Samarans decided to congratulate all the crew members of the ISS, and first of all our countryman, Hero of the Russian Federation, Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation Oleg Kononenko with a holiday! ", explained Anna Sitnik, deputy head of the information policy department of the administration of the governor of the Samara region, on her Facebook page, who posted the video.
On the shots of the astronauts congratulate the students of the children's technopark "Kvantorium 63". The guys say they want to be like astronauts, are proud of them and wish their idols a soft landing.
The video also contains congratulations from the employees of the Samara enterprise of the Progress RCC, which produces the legendary Soyuz launch vehicles, the governor of the Samara region, Dmitry Azarov, the actors of the Samara drama theater, and the artists of the famous Samara Children's Musical Theater, Mum. And the pupils of the children's art gallery made drawings for the astronauts and invited them to pick their favorite at any time.
According to the company's press service, the frequency of flights 2 times a week on Tuesdays and Fridays according to the following timetable: – Tuesday: HY-745 Tashkent 15:50 Tbilisi 18:30; – Tuesday: HY-746 Tbilisi 19:30 Tashkent 23:50; – Friday: HY-745 Tashkent 08:00 Tbilisi 10:40; – Friday: HY-746 Tbilisi 11:40 Tashkent 16:00. Flights will be operated on Airbus-320 aircraft.
We need new steps in the development of the space industry – while in terms of digitalization, it lags behind aviation, the president said while visiting NPO Energomash in the Moscow region.